Is There Any Link Between Wrinkles And Lower Bone Density?

According to Dr. Lubna Pal, a Yale School of Medicine researcher, there might be a direct link between common facial wrinkles and bone density. As Dr. Pal analyzed the firmness of facial skin along with depth and quantity of the wrinkles, she observed how those with worse skin conditions also has a low density in the lower hip, lumber and spine among the middle-aged subjects who were all women. The opposite results also appear as well from those with firmer facial skin also have a great strengthened bone density.

A past study shows that 114 women were studied over a period of three years before their last menstrual period as researches numbered the firmness of the skin and the number as well as the depth of facial wrinkles. Each participant were scan for bone density and the hips, heels and the spine which was measured by DEXA, which is a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans and ultrasounds. Those who displayed more wrinkles proven to have less bone density, while those with tough skin showed better degrees of bones. The results came in persistently as researchers showed common effects on other related symptoms known to play a role in bone density which includes race, smoking, body mass, and multivitamin take.

Skin and Bones Share the Same Protein

Skins and bones both share collagens, which is a group of proteins. As we begin to age, our body makes changes in collagen which may also relate to age-related changes of the skin. Dr. Pal has a theory that the connection between the bones and skin is a specific protein named type 1 collagen – which is a kind of building block of tissue in both skin and bones that tends to decrease with age. The theory continues as Pal believes that the skin is a major reflection on what’s happening inside, especially with the bones. There are also certain levels of wrinkles that can be an indicator to lower bone density as well as the facial wrinkles between the eyebrows.

The conducted study was previously presented at the Boston’s annual meeting of the American Society of Endocrinology in 2011. Medical experts who examined the study emphasized that the total data hasn’t been thoroughly reviewed by independent scientists and researchers as they also have noted that the said observation has a deep contrast with conventional wisdom. As an example, experts mention that the sun’s exposure is said to cause an increase in wrinkling the skin as well as damage the skin and cause sensitivity. However, the skin benefits from sun exposure as it increases vitamin D intake with is a nutrient that has been shown to grow strong bones. Thus, many women with signs and symptoms of wrinkles often carry strong bones.

Experts Say…

Another research investigator, Laure Rittie, PhD, says the study could have taken more tests by testing skin with controlled sun exposure. It seems as if the authors only took wrinkle severity on the face and neck rather than sun-protected skin that may reflect systemic and internal changes to possibly rule out any potential confounding factors.

More experts say they approve of the new idea of connecting wrinkles and bone health and the study is quite worth more studies and investigation. Linda A. Russel, MD, is a bone health specialist at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City, has also approved of the interesting idea with potential for developing an easier, cost-efficient option for screening bone density.

The research study is set to continue for another year as participants will be given an assessment for their skin and bone health in hopes of finding further results to confirm the initial observation.

So, is there any link between wrinkles and lower bone density?

With the outline of the observation, Dr. Pal’s observation does seem to make sense as the result of aging skin will suffer from skin damage. As bones and skin are made of the same protein, having more wrinkles will reflect on the damage of the collagen. As the bones are made up of a combination of mineralized collagen and a collagen matrix, facial wrinkles could be a window to help determine the actually condition of the bones.

However, the study may have missed the actual point altogether. As the study is in step with reductionism, the observation applied by the establishment is fragmented and rather simplified with relevant information – leading to disconnected conclusions. When scientists fail to look at the full screen, they may miss or completely ignore such dangerous side effects of the observation.

For example: Avandia, GlaxoSmithKline’s world’s best-selling drug for diabetes was used to sensitivity to insulin in Type ll diabetes became severely restricted in the US and entirely suspended in Europe in 2010. This was due to the terrible side effects of the drug as a study from Cleveland Clinic proven that patients who took Avandia had an increased risk of 43% chance of a hard attack as well as related cardiovascular problems.

It is no secret that with poor lifestyle habits and unhealthy diets will lead to an obvious poor state of health – which ultimately leads to other health problems and plenty of wrinkles. Without proper nutrition, your body will suffer from the void of antioxidants and nutrients that are needed to protect the skin. The same nutrients and antioxidants of course, are needed to help build strong bones as well.

When your body consumes a large myriad of chemicals from the foods to other artificial flavoring, it is only obvious to notice how damaged skin is much related to weakened bones that have a high potential for damage and fractures. Those who suffer from poor sleeping habits and lack of sleep can also increase your stress levels which are another factor that adds onto weakened bones. With a large number of studies, a steady result of unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits will only prove to have a negative effect overall on your entire body system.

Orthopedic Surgery: A Brief History

Orthopedic surgery is the area of medicine concerned with the musculoskeletal system. While the name may seem to imply only surgical procedures, doctors work to correct orthopedic issues using both surgical and non-surgical means. Physicians who specialize in this area treat trauma, sports injuries, infections, degenerative diseases, congenital disorders, and tumors.

Beginning With Children

Nicholas Andry coined the name orthopedic surgery in 1741. The word comes from the Greek “orthros,” which means “straight” or “correct,” and “paidion,” which means “child.” The term was first seen in his book, “The Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children,” which was designed to help parents understand their child’s malformation. Initially, the field was geared towards identifying and correcting spinal and bone deformities in children. Andry advocated the use of manipulation, splinting, and exercise as treatments.

Andry wasn’t alone in his quest to help children. One of the first orthopedic surgery institutes was opened in 1780 by Jean-Andre Venel. Physicians working there dedicated their talents to assisting children with skeletal deformities. At this institute, Venel and his staff created ways to treat spine curvature and even developed the first club shoe for children suffering from foot malformations.

Into the 1800s, the practice remained limited to helping children. New techniques to correct spinal problems were continually developed. Surgical procedures such as the percutaneous tenotomy became popular as a means to correct problems with the foot and leg.

Growing to Encompass Adults

It wasn’t until the early 1900s that physicians began investigating the possibilities of orthopedic surgery for teens and adults. The man credited with bringing orthopedics into the modern age is Hugh Owen Thomas. Thomas expanded the field through his interest in treating fractures. He created the Thomas Splint to stabilize broken bones and advocated bed rest in order to heal wounds and prevent infection.

In addition to the splint, Thomas created the Thomas Maneuver to help those with hip joint fractures. In order to treat the fractures, he would perform a test to detect the deformity by having his patients lie flat on a bed. Then, he would use his “wrench” method to reduce the fracture and reset the bone.

During the First World War, Thomas’s techniques became mainstream when his nephew, Robert Jones, used the Thomas Splint to reduce the mortality rate for compound fractures of the femur from 87 percent to just 8 percent.

Post World War One

After World War One, German doctor Gerhard Kuntcher started using intramedullary rods to help fix fractures in the tibia and femur. However, it wasn’t until the late 1970s that intramedullary fixation became possible without having to open the fracture. Prior to this time, it was common to use traction in order to repair the damage.

Since the 1970s, the field of orthopedic surgery continues to grow. Today, common techniques include joint replacements, bone grafts for severe fractures, and foot, ankle, shoulder, hand, and elbow procedures. Sports injuries also now fall under this category of medicine.

The Differences Between Chiropractors And Osteopaths

When the philosophies are your point of comparison, the differences between these two health practices are subtle. It only becomes obvious if you take a deeper look into their scope of practice and educational requirements. Both actually subscribe to the whole body concept of treatment. Osteopaths believe that lack of blood flow will lead to disease while chiropractors believe that nerve interference can result to diseases.

Osteopathy

This was founded in 1860s by a medical doctor and surgeon who served various military bases. In 1864, his 3 children died because of spinal meningitis so he began studying the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and disease.

It is further emphasized that this form of medical care has been founded on the philosophy that all body systems depend on one another to achieve good health. When it comes to the scope of practice of osteopathic physicians, they can already prescribe medicine and perform surgery whenever necessary. They strongly believe in the philosophy of treating the whole person as one rather than treating just the symptoms. Today, the number of professionals performing manipulation has decreased as more and more of them are required to train in hospitals in different disciplines. The good side though of this is that they can specialize in various types of medical practice.

Chiropractic Care

This was founded in 1895. A chiropractor is dedicated to paying careful attention to the function, biomechanics, and structure of the spine. They also take into account the spine’s effects on the musculoskeletal and neurological systems. These professionals strongly believe that the body will heal itself when the function and structure are corrected.

As for their scope of practice, they limit to treating low back pain, headaches, joint problems, sciatica, and other related issues. Apart from that, they can also treat spinal disc conditions, osteoarthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other ligament and tendon issues like strains and sprains. Be reminded that they don’t administer medications but recommend herbal remedies and vitamins. Moreover, they don’t perform invasive treatments. Rather, they employ physical therapy, spinal manipulation, and nutrition.

If you are deciding on which health provider is best for you, there are several things to consider. These include the nature and severity of your health condition, and your personal preference. Bear in mind that problems associated with the spine may be best treated by a chiropractor. On the other hand, illnesses like bacterial and viral infections and systemic diseases requiring medications and aggressive treatments are best treated by an osteopath.

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Common Symptoms and Signs of IBS

People suffering from irritable bowel syndrome generally experience symptoms that cause discomfort. When these issues occur, people often seek the assistance of a doctor. A physician can assess a patient’s condition to make an IBS diagnosis. After diagnosis, the next step involves treatment to relieve distress.

Common Symptoms

A physician will assess a patient’s symptoms to determine whether IBS is possible. Anyone who experiences issues such as bloating, excess gas, and pain in the lower abdomen might be feeling signs of a possible problem. In addition, marked changes in bowel movement patterns and mucus present in stools could also indicate a problem. The doctor will ask questions to learn about the level and timing of symptoms. Generally, someone is more likely to be experiencing irritable bowel syndrome if these issues have been a problem for at least six months. Another common way to assess symptoms is the frequency of abdominal pain. If this type of discomfort occurs at least three days out of each month, lasting for a minimum of three months, a problem could be present. The doctor will ask additional questions about this discomfort to further focus the diagnosis. IBS could be the cause of the distress if having a bowel movement relieves the pain or if the discomfort is connected to a change in bowel movement frequency. Discomfort linked with a change in consistency or appearance of stools is another potential factor.

Bowel Patterns

IBS usually involves a change in bowel habits over a period of time. Some people experience an increase in frequency, as happens with diarrhea. Other people become constipated, and frequency spaces out and becomes longer. Stool size or consistency can also change, varying between extremes; some people feel an urgent need to use the bathroom, while others strain uncomfortably to pass stool.

Unrelated Symptoms

Someone suffering from IBS may experience other unrelated signs of a problem. Some people feel depressed or anxious. Others notice urinary issues, including problems emptying the bladder completely. Heart palpitations may occur, in which it feels like the heart is skipping a beat or fluttering. Headaches and backaches are common complaints among patients. Some people also have trouble sleeping, or they notice a lack of sexual desire with the onset of irritable bowel issues. Finally, an unpleasant or unusual taste in the mouth is reported by some patients. People might notice fluctuations of these issues, with an increase in severity after eating or during times of anxiety.